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Weaviate

Weaviate is an open-source vector database. It allows you to store data objects and vector embeddings from your favorite ML models, and scale seamlessly into billions of data objects.

In the notebook, we’ll demo the SelfQueryRetriever wrapped around a Weaviate vector store.

Creating a Weaviate vector store​

First we’ll want to create a Weaviate vector store and seed it with some data. We’ve created a small demo set of documents that contain summaries of movies.

Note: The self-query retriever requires you to have lark installed (pip install lark). We also need the weaviate-client package.

%pip install --upgrade --quiet  lark weaviate-client
from langchain_community.vectorstores import Weaviate
from langchain_core.documents import Document
from langchain_openai import OpenAIEmbeddings

embeddings = OpenAIEmbeddings()
docs = [
Document(
page_content="A bunch of scientists bring back dinosaurs and mayhem breaks loose",
metadata={"year": 1993, "rating": 7.7, "genre": "science fiction"},
),
Document(
page_content="Leo DiCaprio gets lost in a dream within a dream within a dream within a ...",
metadata={"year": 2010, "director": "Christopher Nolan", "rating": 8.2},
),
Document(
page_content="A psychologist / detective gets lost in a series of dreams within dreams within dreams and Inception reused the idea",
metadata={"year": 2006, "director": "Satoshi Kon", "rating": 8.6},
),
Document(
page_content="A bunch of normal-sized women are supremely wholesome and some men pine after them",
metadata={"year": 2019, "director": "Greta Gerwig", "rating": 8.3},
),
Document(
page_content="Toys come alive and have a blast doing so",
metadata={"year": 1995, "genre": "animated"},
),
Document(
page_content="Three men walk into the Zone, three men walk out of the Zone",
metadata={
"year": 1979,
"director": "Andrei Tarkovsky",
"genre": "science fiction",
"rating": 9.9,
},
),
]
vectorstore = Weaviate.from_documents(
docs, embeddings, weaviate_url="http://127.0.0.1:8080"
)

Creating our self-querying retriever​

Now we can instantiate our retriever. To do this we’ll need to provide some information upfront about the metadata fields that our documents support and a short description of the document contents.

from langchain.chains.query_constructor.base import AttributeInfo
from langchain.retrievers.self_query.base import SelfQueryRetriever
from langchain_openai import OpenAI

metadata_field_info = [
AttributeInfo(
name="genre",
description="The genre of the movie",
type="string or list[string]",
),
AttributeInfo(
name="year",
description="The year the movie was released",
type="integer",
),
AttributeInfo(
name="director",
description="The name of the movie director",
type="string",
),
AttributeInfo(
name="rating", description="A 1-10 rating for the movie", type="float"
),
]
document_content_description = "Brief summary of a movie"
llm = OpenAI(temperature=0)
retriever = SelfQueryRetriever.from_llm(
llm, vectorstore, document_content_description, metadata_field_info, verbose=True
)

Testing it out​

And now we can try actually using our retriever!

# This example only specifies a relevant query
retriever.get_relevant_documents("What are some movies about dinosaurs")
query='dinosaur' filter=None limit=None
[Document(page_content='A bunch of scientists bring back dinosaurs and mayhem breaks loose', metadata={'genre': 'science fiction', 'rating': 7.7, 'year': 1993}),
Document(page_content='Toys come alive and have a blast doing so', metadata={'genre': 'animated', 'rating': None, 'year': 1995}),
Document(page_content='Three men walk into the Zone, three men walk out of the Zone', metadata={'genre': 'science fiction', 'rating': 9.9, 'year': 1979}),
Document(page_content='A psychologist / detective gets lost in a series of dreams within dreams within dreams and Inception reused the idea', metadata={'genre': None, 'rating': 8.6, 'year': 2006})]
# This example specifies a query and a filter
retriever.get_relevant_documents("Has Greta Gerwig directed any movies about women")
query='women' filter=Comparison(comparator=<Comparator.EQ: 'eq'>, attribute='director', value='Greta Gerwig') limit=None
[Document(page_content='A bunch of normal-sized women are supremely wholesome and some men pine after them', metadata={'genre': None, 'rating': 8.3, 'year': 2019})]

Filter k​

We can also use the self query retriever to specify k: the number of documents to fetch.

We can do this by passing enable_limit=True to the constructor.

retriever = SelfQueryRetriever.from_llm(
llm,
vectorstore,
document_content_description,
metadata_field_info,
enable_limit=True,
verbose=True,
)
# This example only specifies a relevant query
retriever.get_relevant_documents("what are two movies about dinosaurs")
query='dinosaur' filter=None limit=2
[Document(page_content='A bunch of scientists bring back dinosaurs and mayhem breaks loose', metadata={'genre': 'science fiction', 'rating': 7.7, 'year': 1993}),
Document(page_content='Toys come alive and have a blast doing so', metadata={'genre': 'animated', 'rating': None, 'year': 1995})]