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Google Firestore (Native Mode)

Firestore is a serverless document-oriented database that scales to meet any demand. Extend your database application to build AI-powered experiences leveraging Firestore's Langchain integrations.

This notebook goes over how to use Firestore to save, load and delete langchain documents with FirestoreLoader and FirestoreSaver.

Learn more about the package on GitHub.

Open In Colab

Before You Begin

To run this notebook, you will need to do the following:

After confirmed access to database in the runtime environment of this notebook, filling the following values and run the cell before running example scripts.

# @markdown Please specify a source for demo purpose.
SOURCE = "test" # @param {type:"Query"|"CollectionGroup"|"DocumentReference"|"string"}

🦜🔗 Library Installation

The integration lives in its own langchain-google-firestore package, so we need to install it.

%pip install -upgrade --quiet langchain-google-firestore

Colab only: Uncomment the following cell to restart the kernel or use the button to restart the kernel. For Vertex AI Workbench you can restart the terminal using the button on top.

# # Automatically restart kernel after installs so that your environment can access the new packages
# import IPython

# app = IPython.Application.instance()
# app.kernel.do_shutdown(True)

☁ Set Your Google Cloud Project

Set your Google Cloud project so that you can leverage Google Cloud resources within this notebook.

If you don't know your project ID, try the following:

# @markdown Please fill in the value below with your Google Cloud project ID and then run the cell.

PROJECT_ID = "my-project-id" # @param {type:"string"}

# Set the project id
!gcloud config set project {PROJECT_ID}

🔐 Authentication

Authenticate to Google Cloud as the IAM user logged into this notebook in order to access your Google Cloud Project.

  • If you are using Colab to run this notebook, use the cell below and continue.
  • If you are using Vertex AI Workbench, check out the setup instructions here.
from google.colab import auth


Basic Usage

Save documents

FirestoreSaver can store Documents into Firestore. By default it will try to extract the Document reference from the metadata

Save langchain documents with FirestoreSaver.upsert_documents(<documents>).

from langchain_core.documents import Document
from langchain_google_firestore import FirestoreSaver

saver = FirestoreSaver()

data = [Document(page_content="Hello, World!")]


API Reference:

Save documents without reference

If a collection is specified the documents will be stored with an auto generated id.

saver = FirestoreSaver("Collection")


Save documents with other references

doc_ids = ["AnotherCollection/doc_id", "foo/bar"]
saver = FirestoreSaver()

saver.upsert_documents(documents=data, document_ids=doc_ids)

Load from Collection or SubCollection

Load langchain documents with FirestoreLoader.load() or Firestore.lazy_load(). lazy_load returns a generator that only queries database during the iteration. To initialize FirestoreLoader class you need to provide:

  1. source - An instance of a Query, CollectionGroup, DocumentReference or the single \-delimited path to a Firestore collection.
from langchain_google_firestore import FirestoreLoader

loader_collection = FirestoreLoader("Collection")
loader_subcollection = FirestoreLoader("Collection/doc/SubCollection")

data_collection = loader_collection.load()
data_subcollection = loader_subcollection.load()

Load a single Document

from import firestore

client = firestore.Client()
doc_ref = client.collection("foo").document("bar")

loader_document = FirestoreLoader(doc_ref)

data = loader_document.load()

Load from CollectionGroup or Query

from import CollectionGroup, FieldFilter, Query

col_ref = client.collection("col_group")
collection_group = CollectionGroup(col_ref)

loader_group = FirestoreLoader(collection_group)

col_ref = client.collection("collection")
query = col_ref.where(filter=FieldFilter("region", "==", "west_coast"))

loader_query = FirestoreLoader(query)

Delete documents

Delete a list of langchain documents from Firestore collection with FirestoreSaver.delete_documents(<documents>).

If document ids is provided, the Documents will be ignored.

saver = FirestoreSaver()


# The Documents will be ignored and only the document ids will be used.
saver.delete_documents(data, doc_ids)

Advanced Usage

Load documents with customize document page content & metadata

The arguments of page_content_fields and metadata_fields will specify the Firestore Document fields to be written into LangChain Document page_content and metadata.

loader = FirestoreLoader(

data = loader.load()

Customize Page Content Format

When the page_content contains only one field the information will be the field value only. Otherwise the page_content will be in JSON format.

Customize Connection & Authentication

from google.auth import compute_engine
from import Client

client = Client(database="non-default-db", creds=compute_engine.Credentials())
loader = FirestoreLoader(

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