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How to track token usage in ChatModels


This guide assumes familiarity with the following concepts:

Tracking token usage to calculate cost is an important part of putting your app in production. This guide goes over how to obtain this information from your LangChain model calls.

This guide requires langchain-openai >= 0.1.8.

%pip install --upgrade --quiet langchain langchain-openai

Using LangSmith​

You can use LangSmith to help track token usage in your LLM application. See the LangSmith quick start guide.

Using AIMessage.usage_metadata​

A number of model providers return token usage information as part of the chat generation response. When available, this information will be included on the AIMessage objects produced by the corresponding model.

LangChain AIMessage objects include a usage_metadata attribute. When populated, this attribute will be a UsageMetadata dictionary with standard keys (e.g., "input_tokens" and "output_tokens").



# # !pip install -qU langchain-openai

from langchain_openai import ChatOpenAI

llm = ChatOpenAI(model="gpt-3.5-turbo-0125")
openai_response = llm.invoke("hello")
API Reference:ChatOpenAI
{'input_tokens': 8, 'output_tokens': 9, 'total_tokens': 17}


# !pip install -qU langchain-anthropic

from langchain_anthropic import ChatAnthropic

llm = ChatAnthropic(model="claude-3-haiku-20240307")
anthropic_response = llm.invoke("hello")
API Reference:ChatAnthropic
{'input_tokens': 8, 'output_tokens': 12, 'total_tokens': 20}

Using AIMessage.response_metadata​

Metadata from the model response is also included in the AIMessage response_metadata attribute. These data are typically not standardized. Note that different providers adopt different conventions for representing token counts:

print(f'OpenAI: {openai_response.response_metadata["token_usage"]}\n')
print(f'Anthropic: {anthropic_response.response_metadata["usage"]}')
OpenAI: {'completion_tokens': 9, 'prompt_tokens': 8, 'total_tokens': 17}

Anthropic: {'input_tokens': 8, 'output_tokens': 12}


Some providers support token count metadata in a streaming context.


For example, OpenAI will return a message chunk at the end of a stream with token usage information. This behavior is supported by langchain-openai >= 0.1.8 and can be enabled by setting stream_options={"include_usage": True}.


By default, the last message chunk in a stream will include a "finish_reason" in the message's response_metadata attribute. If we include token usage in streaming mode, an additional chunk containing usage metadata will be added to the end of the stream, such that "finish_reason" appears on the second to last message chunk.

llm = ChatOpenAI(model="gpt-3.5-turbo-0125")

aggregate = None
for chunk in"hello", stream_options={"include_usage": True}):
aggregate = chunk if aggregate is None else aggregate + chunk
content='' id='run-b40e502e-d30e-4617-94ad-95b4dfee14bf'
content='Hello' id='run-b40e502e-d30e-4617-94ad-95b4dfee14bf'
content='!' id='run-b40e502e-d30e-4617-94ad-95b4dfee14bf'
content=' How' id='run-b40e502e-d30e-4617-94ad-95b4dfee14bf'
content=' can' id='run-b40e502e-d30e-4617-94ad-95b4dfee14bf'
content=' I' id='run-b40e502e-d30e-4617-94ad-95b4dfee14bf'
content=' assist' id='run-b40e502e-d30e-4617-94ad-95b4dfee14bf'
content=' you' id='run-b40e502e-d30e-4617-94ad-95b4dfee14bf'
content=' today' id='run-b40e502e-d30e-4617-94ad-95b4dfee14bf'
content='?' id='run-b40e502e-d30e-4617-94ad-95b4dfee14bf'
content='' response_metadata={'finish_reason': 'stop'} id='run-b40e502e-d30e-4617-94ad-95b4dfee14bf'
content='' id='run-b40e502e-d30e-4617-94ad-95b4dfee14bf' usage_metadata={'input_tokens': 8, 'output_tokens': 9, 'total_tokens': 17}

Note that the usage metadata will be included in the sum of the individual message chunks:

Hello! How can I assist you today?
{'input_tokens': 8, 'output_tokens': 9, 'total_tokens': 17}

To disable streaming token counts for OpenAI, set "include_usage" to False in stream_options, or omit it from the parameters:

aggregate = None
for chunk in"hello"):
content='' id='run-0085d64c-13d2-431b-a0fa-399be8cd3c52'
content='Hello' id='run-0085d64c-13d2-431b-a0fa-399be8cd3c52'
content='!' id='run-0085d64c-13d2-431b-a0fa-399be8cd3c52'
content=' How' id='run-0085d64c-13d2-431b-a0fa-399be8cd3c52'
content=' can' id='run-0085d64c-13d2-431b-a0fa-399be8cd3c52'
content=' I' id='run-0085d64c-13d2-431b-a0fa-399be8cd3c52'
content=' assist' id='run-0085d64c-13d2-431b-a0fa-399be8cd3c52'
content=' you' id='run-0085d64c-13d2-431b-a0fa-399be8cd3c52'
content=' today' id='run-0085d64c-13d2-431b-a0fa-399be8cd3c52'
content='?' id='run-0085d64c-13d2-431b-a0fa-399be8cd3c52'
content='' response_metadata={'finish_reason': 'stop'} id='run-0085d64c-13d2-431b-a0fa-399be8cd3c52'

You can also enable streaming token usage by setting model_kwargs when instantiating the chat model. This can be useful when incorporating chat models into LangChain chains: usage metadata can be monitored when streaming intermediate steps or using tracing software such as LangSmith.

See the below example, where we return output structured to a desired schema, but can still observe token usage streamed from intermediate steps.

from langchain_core.pydantic_v1 import BaseModel, Field

class Joke(BaseModel):
"""Joke to tell user."""

setup: str = Field(description="question to set up a joke")
punchline: str = Field(description="answer to resolve the joke")

llm = ChatOpenAI(
model_kwargs={"stream_options": {"include_usage": True}},
# Under the hood, .with_structured_output binds tools to the
# chat model and appends a parser.
structured_llm = llm.with_structured_output(Joke)

async for event in structured_llm.astream_events("Tell me a joke", version="v2"):
if event["event"] == "on_chat_model_end":
print(f'Token usage: {event["data"]["output"].usage_metadata}\n')
elif event["event"] == "on_chain_end":
Token usage: {'input_tokens': 79, 'output_tokens': 23, 'total_tokens': 102}

setup='Why was the math book sad?' punchline='Because it had too many problems.'

Token usage is also visible in the corresponding LangSmith trace in the payload from the chat model.

Using callbacks​

There are also some API-specific callback context managers that allow you to track token usage across multiple calls. It is currently only implemented for the OpenAI API and Bedrock Anthropic API.


Let's first look at an extremely simple example of tracking token usage for a single Chat model call.

# !pip install -qU langchain-community wikipedia

from langchain_community.callbacks.manager import get_openai_callback

llm = ChatOpenAI(model="gpt-3.5-turbo-0125", temperature=0)

with get_openai_callback() as cb:
result = llm.invoke("Tell me a joke")
API Reference:get_openai_callback
Tokens Used: 27
Prompt Tokens: 11
Completion Tokens: 16
Successful Requests: 1
Total Cost (USD): $2.95e-05

Anything inside the context manager will get tracked. Here's an example of using it to track multiple calls in sequence.

with get_openai_callback() as cb:
result = llm.invoke("Tell me a joke")
result2 = llm.invoke("Tell me a joke")

Cost information is currently not available in streaming mode. This is because model names are currently not propagated through chunks in streaming mode, and the model name is used to look up the correct pricing. Token counts however are available:

with get_openai_callback() as cb:
for chunk in"Tell me a joke", stream_options={"include_usage": True}):

If a chain or agent with multiple steps in it is used, it will track all those steps.

from langchain.agents import AgentExecutor, create_tool_calling_agent, load_tools
from langchain_core.prompts import ChatPromptTemplate

prompt = ChatPromptTemplate.from_messages(
("system", "You're a helpful assistant"),
("human", "{input}"),
("placeholder", "{agent_scratchpad}"),
tools = load_tools(["wikipedia"])
agent = create_tool_calling_agent(llm, tools, prompt)
agent_executor = AgentExecutor(
agent=agent, tools=tools, verbose=True, stream_runnable=False

We have to set stream_runnable=False for cost information, as described above. By default the AgentExecutor will stream the underlying agent so that you can get the most granular results when streaming events via AgentExecutor.stream_events.

with get_openai_callback() as cb:
response = agent_executor.invoke(
"input": "What's a hummingbird's scientific name and what's the fastest bird species?"
print(f"Total Tokens: {cb.total_tokens}")
print(f"Prompt Tokens: {cb.prompt_tokens}")
print(f"Completion Tokens: {cb.completion_tokens}")
print(f"Total Cost (USD): ${cb.total_cost}")

> Entering new AgentExecutor chain...

Invoking: `wikipedia` with `{'query': 'hummingbird scientific name'}`

Page: Hummingbird
Summary: Hummingbirds are birds native to the Americas and comprise the biological family Trochilidae. With approximately 366 species and 113 genera, they occur from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, but most species are found in Central and South America. As of 2024, 21 hummingbird species are listed as endangered or critically endangered, with numerous species declining in population.
Hummingbirds have varied specialized characteristics to enable rapid, maneuverable flight: exceptional metabolic capacity, adaptations to high altitude, sensitive visual and communication abilities, and long-distance migration in some species. Among all birds, male hummingbirds have the widest diversity of plumage color, particularly in blues, greens, and purples. Hummingbirds are the smallest mature birds, measuring 7.5–13 cm (3–5 in) in length. The smallest is the 5 cm (2.0 in) bee hummingbird, which weighs less than 2.0 g (0.07 oz), and the largest is the 23 cm (9 in) giant hummingbird, weighing 18–24 grams (0.63–0.85 oz). Noted for long beaks, hummingbirds are specialized for feeding on flower nectar, but all species also consume small insects.
They are known as hummingbirds because of the humming sound created by their beating wings, which flap at high frequencies audible to other birds and humans. They hover at rapid wing-flapping rates, which vary from around 12 beats per second in the largest species to 80 per second in small hummingbirds.
Hummingbirds have the highest mass-specific metabolic rate of any homeothermic animal. To conserve energy when food is scarce and at night when not foraging, they can enter torpor, a state similar to hibernation, and slow their metabolic rate to 1⁄15 of its normal rate. While most hummingbirds do not migrate, the rufous hummingbird has one of the longest migrations among birds, traveling twice per year between Alaska and Mexico, a distance of about 3,900 miles (6,300 km).
Hummingbirds split from their sister group, the swifts and treeswifts, around 42 million years ago. The oldest known fossil hummingbird is Eurotrochilus, from the Rupelian Stage of Early Oligocene Europe.

Page: Rufous hummingbird
Summary: The rufous hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus) is a small hummingbird, about 8 cm (3.1 in) long with a long, straight and slender bill. These birds are known for their extraordinary flight skills, flying 2,000 mi (3,200 km) during their migratory transits. It is one of nine species in the genus Selasphorus.

Page: Anna's hummingbird
Summary: Anna's hummingbird (Calypte anna) is a North American species of hummingbird. It was named after Anna MassΓ©na, Duchess of Rivoli.
It is native to western coastal regions of North America. In the early 20th century, Anna's hummingbirds bred only in northern Baja California and Southern California. The transplanting of exotic ornamental plants in residential areas throughout the Pacific coast and inland deserts provided expanded nectar and nesting sites, allowing the species to expand its breeding range. Year-round residence of Anna's hummingbirds in the Pacific Northwest is an example of ecological release dependent on acclimation to colder winter temperatures, introduced plants, and human provision of nectar feeders during winter.
These birds feed on nectar from flowers using a long extendable tongue. They also consume small insects and other arthropods caught in flight or gleaned from vegetation.
Invoking: `wikipedia` with `{'query': 'fastest bird species'}`

Page: List of birds by flight speed
Summary: This is a list of the fastest flying birds in the world. A bird's velocity is necessarily variable; a hunting bird will reach much greater speeds while diving to catch prey than when flying horizontally. The bird that can achieve the greatest airspeed is the peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), able to exceed 320 km/h (200 mph) in its dives. A close relative of the common swift, the white-throated needletail (Hirundapus caudacutus), is commonly reported as the fastest bird in level flight with a reported top speed of 169 km/h (105 mph). This record remains unconfirmed as the measurement methods have never been published or verified. The record for the fastest confirmed level flight by a bird is 111.5 km/h (69.3 mph) held by the common swift.

Page: Fastest animals
Summary: This is a list of the fastest animals in the world, by types of animal.

Page: Falcon
Summary: Falcons () are birds of prey in the genus Falco, which includes about 40 species. Falcons are widely distributed on all continents of the world except Antarctica, though closely related raptors did occur there in the Eocene.
Adult falcons have thin, tapered wings, which enable them to fly at high speed and change direction rapidly. Fledgling falcons, in their first year of flying, have longer flight feathers, which make their configuration more like that of a general-purpose bird such as a broad wing. This makes flying easier while learning the exceptional skills required to be effective hunters as adults.
The falcons are the largest genus in the Falconinae subfamily of Falconidae, which itself also includes another subfamily comprising caracaras and a few other species. All these birds kill with their beaks, using a tomial "tooth" on the side of their beaksβ€”unlike the hawks, eagles, and other birds of prey in the Accipitridae, which use their feet.
The largest falcon is the gyrfalcon at up to 65 cm in length. The smallest falcon species is the pygmy falcon, which measures just 20 cm. As with hawks and owls, falcons exhibit sexual dimorphism, with the females typically larger than the males, thus allowing a wider range of prey species.
Some small falcons with long, narrow wings are called "hobbies" and some which hover while hunting are called "kestrels".
As is the case with many birds of prey, falcons have exceptional powers of vision; the visual acuity of one species has been measured at 2.6 times that of a normal human. Peregrine falcons have been recorded diving at speeds of 320 km/h (200 mph), making them the fastest-moving creatures on Earth; the fastest recorded dive attained a vertical speed of 390 km/h (240 mph).The scientific name for a hummingbird is Trochilidae. The fastest bird species is the peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), which can exceed speeds of 320 km/h (200 mph) in its dives.

> Finished chain.
Total Tokens: 1787
Prompt Tokens: 1687
Completion Tokens: 100
Total Cost (USD): $0.0009935

Bedrock Anthropic​

The get_bedrock_anthropic_callback works very similarly:

# !pip install langchain-aws
from langchain_aws import ChatBedrock
from langchain_community.callbacks.manager import get_bedrock_anthropic_callback

llm = ChatBedrock(model_id="anthropic.claude-v2")

with get_bedrock_anthropic_callback() as cb:
result = llm.invoke("Tell me a joke")
result2 = llm.invoke("Tell me a joke")
Tokens Used: 96
Prompt Tokens: 26
Completion Tokens: 70
Successful Requests: 2
Total Cost (USD): $0.001888

Next steps​

You've now seen a few examples of how to track token usage for supported providers.

Next, check out the other how-to guides chat models in this section, like how to get a model to return structured output or how to add caching to your chat models.

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