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Geopandas is an open-source project to make working with geospatial data in python easier.

GeoPandas extends the datatypes used by pandas to allow spatial operations on geometric types.

Geometric operations are performed by shapely. Geopandas further depends on fiona for file access and matplotlib for plotting.

LLM applications (chat, QA) that utilize geospatial data are an interesting area for exploration.

%pip install --upgrade --quiet  sodapy
%pip install --upgrade --quiet pandas
%pip install --upgrade --quiet geopandas
import ast

import geopandas as gpd
import pandas as pd
from langchain_community.document_loaders import OpenCityDataLoader
API Reference:OpenCityDataLoader

Create a GeoPandas dataframe from Open City Data as an example input.

# Load Open City Data
dataset = "tmnf-yvry" # San Francisco crime data
loader = OpenCityDataLoader(city_id="", dataset_id=dataset, limit=5000)
docs = loader.load()
# Convert list of dictionaries to DataFrame
df = pd.DataFrame([ast.literal_eval(d.page_content) for d in docs])

# Extract latitude and longitude
df["Latitude"] = df["location"].apply(lambda loc: loc["coordinates"][1])
df["Longitude"] = df["location"].apply(lambda loc: loc["coordinates"][0])

# Create geopandas DF
gdf = gpd.GeoDataFrame(
df, geometry=gpd.points_from_xy(df.Longitude, df.Latitude), crs="EPSG:4326"

# Only keep valid longitudes and latitudes for San Francisco
gdf = gdf[
(gdf["Longitude"] >= -123.173825)
& (gdf["Longitude"] <= -122.281780)
& (gdf["Latitude"] >= 37.623983)
& (gdf["Latitude"] <= 37.929824)

Visualization of the sample of SF crime data.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Load San Francisco map data
sf = gpd.read_file("")

# Plot the San Francisco map and the points
fig, ax = plt.subplots(figsize=(10, 10))
sf.plot(ax=ax, color="white", edgecolor="black")
gdf.plot(ax=ax, color="red", markersize=5)

Load GeoPandas dataframe as a Document for downstream processing (embedding, chat, etc).

The geometry will be the default page_content columns, and all other columns are placed in metadata.

But, we can specify the page_content_column.

from langchain_community.document_loaders import GeoDataFrameLoader

loader = GeoDataFrameLoader(data_frame=gdf, page_content_column="geometry")
docs = loader.load()
API Reference:GeoDataFrameLoader
Document(page_content='POINT (-122.420084075249 37.7083109744362)', metadata={'pdid': '4133422003074', 'incidntnum': '041334220', 'incident_code': '03074', 'category': 'ROBBERY', 'descript': 'ROBBERY, BODILY FORCE', 'dayofweek': 'Monday', 'date': '2004-11-22T00:00:00.000', 'time': '17:50', 'pddistrict': 'INGLESIDE', 'resolution': 'NONE', 'address': 'GENEVA AV / SANTOS ST', 'x': '-122.420084075249', 'y': '37.7083109744362', 'location': {'type': 'Point', 'coordinates': [-122.420084075249, 37.7083109744362]}, ':@computed_region_26cr_cadq': '9', ':@computed_region_rxqg_mtj9': '8', ':@computed_region_bh8s_q3mv': '309', ':@computed_region_6qbp_sg9q': nan, ':@computed_region_qgnn_b9vv': nan, ':@computed_region_ajp5_b2md': nan, ':@computed_region_yftq_j783': nan, ':@computed_region_p5aj_wyqh': nan, ':@computed_region_fyvs_ahh9': nan, ':@computed_region_6pnf_4xz7': nan, ':@computed_region_jwn9_ihcz': nan, ':@computed_region_9dfj_4gjx': nan, ':@computed_region_4isq_27mq': nan, ':@computed_region_pigm_ib2e': nan, ':@computed_region_9jxd_iqea': nan, ':@computed_region_6ezc_tdp2': nan, ':@computed_region_h4ep_8xdi': nan, ':@computed_region_n4xg_c4py': nan, ':@computed_region_fcz8_est8': nan, ':@computed_region_nqbw_i6c3': nan, ':@computed_region_2dwj_jsy4': nan, 'Latitude': 37.7083109744362, 'Longitude': -122.420084075249})

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