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Databricks Vector Search

Databricks Vector Search is a serverless similarity search engine that allows you to store a vector representation of your data, including metadata, in a vector database. With Vector Search, you can create auto-updating vector search indexes from Delta tables managed by Unity Catalog and query them with a simple API to return the most similar vectors.

This notebook shows how to use LangChain with Databricks Vector Search.

Install databricks-vectorsearch and related Python packages used in this notebook.

%pip install --upgrade --quiet  langchain-core databricks-vectorsearch langchain-openai tiktoken

Use OpenAIEmbeddings for the embeddings.

import getpass
import os

os.environ["OPENAI_API_KEY"] = getpass.getpass("OpenAI API Key:")

Split documents and get embeddings.

from langchain_community.document_loaders import TextLoader
from langchain_openai import OpenAIEmbeddings
from langchain_text_splitters import CharacterTextSplitter

loader = TextLoader("../../how_to/state_of_the_union.txt")
documents = loader.load()
text_splitter = CharacterTextSplitter(chunk_size=1000, chunk_overlap=0)
docs = text_splitter.split_documents(documents)

embeddings = OpenAIEmbeddings()
emb_dim = len(embeddings.embed_query("hello"))

Setup Databricks Vector Search client

from databricks.vector_search.client import VectorSearchClient

vsc = VectorSearchClient()

Create a Vector Search Endpoint

This endpoint is used to create and access vector search indexes.

vsc.create_endpoint(name="vector_search_demo_endpoint", endpoint_type="STANDARD")

Create Direct Vector Access Index

Direct Vector Access Index supports direct read and write of embedding vectors and metadata through a REST API or an SDK. For this index, you manage embedding vectors and index updates yourself.

vector_search_endpoint_name = "vector_search_demo_endpoint"
index_name = "ml.llm.demo_index"

index = vsc.create_direct_access_index(
"id": "string",
"text": "string",
"text_vector": "array<float>",
"source": "string",

from langchain_community.vectorstores import DatabricksVectorSearch

dvs = DatabricksVectorSearch(
index, text_column="text", embedding=embeddings, columns=["source"]

Add docs to the index

query = "What did the president say about Ketanji Brown Jackson"

Work with Delta Sync Index

You can also use DatabricksVectorSearch to search in a Delta Sync Index. Delta Sync Index automatically syncs from a Delta table. You don't need to call add_text/add_documents manually. See Databricks documentation page for more details.

dvs_delta_sync = DatabricksVectorSearch("catalog_name.schema_name.delta_sync_index")

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