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Google Spanner

Google Cloud Spanner is a highly scalable database that combines unlimited scalability with relational semantics, such as secondary indexes, strong consistency, schemas, and SQL providing 99.999% availability in one easy solution.

This notebook goes over how to use Spanner to store chat message history with the SpannerChatMessageHistory class. Learn more about the package on GitHub.

Open In Colab

Before You Begin​

To run this notebook, you will need to do the following:

πŸ¦œπŸ”— Library Installation​

The integration lives in its own langchain-google-spanner package, so we need to install it.

%pip install --upgrade --quiet langchain-google-spanner

Colab only: Uncomment the following cell to restart the kernel or use the button to restart the kernel. For Vertex AI Workbench you can restart the terminal using the button on top.

# # Automatically restart kernel after installs so that your environment can access the new packages
# import IPython

# app = IPython.Application.instance()
# app.kernel.do_shutdown(True)

πŸ” Authentication​

Authenticate to Google Cloud as the IAM user logged into this notebook in order to access your Google Cloud Project.

  • If you are using Colab to run this notebook, use the cell below and continue.
  • If you are using Vertex AI Workbench, check out the setup instructions here.
from google.colab import auth


☁ Set Your Google Cloud Project​

Set your Google Cloud project so that you can leverage Google Cloud resources within this notebook.

If you don't know your project ID, try the following:

# @markdown Please fill in the value below with your Google Cloud project ID and then run the cell.

PROJECT_ID = "my-project-id" # @param {type:"string"}

# Set the project id
!gcloud config set project {PROJECT_ID}

πŸ’‘ API Enablement​

The langchain-google-spanner package requires that you enable the Spanner API in your Google Cloud Project.

# enable Spanner API
!gcloud services enable

Basic Usage​

Set Spanner database values​

Find your database values, in the Spanner Instances page.

# @title Set Your Values Here { display-mode: "form" }
INSTANCE = "my-instance" # @param {type: "string"}
DATABASE = "my-database" # @param {type: "string"}
TABLE_NAME = "message_store" # @param {type: "string"}

Initialize a table​

The SpannerChatMessageHistory class requires a database table with a specific schema in order to store the chat message history.

The helper method init_chat_history_table() that can be used to create a table with the proper schema for you.

from langchain_google_spanner import (



To initialize the SpannerChatMessageHistory class you need to provide only 3 things:

  1. instance_id - The name of the Spanner instance
  2. database_id - The name of the Spanner database
  3. session_id - A unique identifier string that specifies an id for the session.
  4. table_name - The name of the table within the database to store the chat message history.
message_history = SpannerChatMessageHistory(

message_history.add_ai_message("whats up?")

Custom client​

The client created by default is the default client. To use a non-default, a custom client can be passed to the constructor.

from import spanner

custom_client_message_history = SpannerChatMessageHistory(

Cleaning up​

When the history of a specific session is obsolete and can be deleted, it can be done the following way. Note: Once deleted, the data is no longer stored in Cloud Spanner and is gone forever.

message_history = SpannerChatMessageHistory(


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