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Redis (Remote Dictionary Server) is an open-source in-memory storage, used as a distributed, in-memory key–value database, cache and message broker, with optional durability. Because it holds all data in memory and because of its design, Redis offers low-latency reads and writes, making it particularly suitable for use cases that require a cache. Redis is the most popular NoSQL database, and one of the most popular databases overall.

This page covers how to use the Redis ecosystem within LangChain. It is broken into two parts: installation and setup, and then references to specific Redis wrappers.

Installation and Setup​

Install the Python SDK:

pip install redis

To run Redis locally, you can use Docker:

docker run --name langchain-redis -d -p 6379:6379 redis redis-server --save 60 1 --loglevel warning

To stop the container:

docker stop langchain-redis

And to start it again:

docker start langchain-redis


We need a redis url connection string to connect to the database support either a stand alone Redis server or a High-Availability setup with Replication and Redis Sentinels.

Redis Standalone connection url​

For standalone Redis server, the official redis connection url formats can be used as describe in the python redis modules "from_url()" method Redis.from_url

Example: redis_url = "redis://:secret-pass@localhost:6379/0"

Redis Sentinel connection url​

For Redis sentinel setups the connection scheme is "redis+sentinel". This is an unofficial extensions to the official IANA registered protocol schemes as long as there is no connection url for Sentinels available.

Example: redis_url = "redis+sentinel://:secret-pass@sentinel-host:26379/mymaster/0"

The format is redis+sentinel://[[username]:[password]]@[host-or-ip]:[port]/[service-name]/[db-number] with the default values of "service-name = mymaster" and "db-number = 0" if not set explicit. The service-name is the redis server monitoring group name as configured within the Sentinel.

The current url format limits the connection string to one sentinel host only (no list can be given) and booth Redis server and sentinel must have the same password set (if used).

Redis Cluster connection url​

Redis cluster is not supported right now for all methods requiring a "redis_url" parameter. The only way to use a Redis Cluster is with LangChain classes accepting a preconfigured Redis client like RedisCache (example below).


The Cache wrapper allows for Redis to be used as a remote, low-latency, in-memory cache for LLM prompts and responses.

Standard Cache​

The standard cache is the Redis bread & butter of use case in production for both open-source and enterprise users globally.

from langchain.cache import RedisCache
API Reference:RedisCache

To use this cache with your LLMs:

from langchain.globals import set_llm_cache
import redis

redis_client = redis.Redis.from_url(...)
API Reference:set_llm_cache

Semantic Cache​

Semantic caching allows users to retrieve cached prompts based on semantic similarity between the user input and previously cached results. Under the hood it blends Redis as both a cache and a vectorstore.

from langchain.cache import RedisSemanticCache
API Reference:RedisSemanticCache

To use this cache with your LLMs:

from langchain.globals import set_llm_cache
import redis

# use any embedding provider...
from tests.integration_tests.vectorstores.fake_embeddings import FakeEmbeddings

redis_url = "redis://localhost:6379"

API Reference:set_llm_cache


The vectorstore wrapper turns Redis into a low-latency vector database for semantic search or LLM content retrieval.

from langchain_community.vectorstores import Redis
API Reference:Redis

For a more detailed walkthrough of the Redis vectorstore wrapper, see this notebook.


The Redis vector store retriever wrapper generalizes the vectorstore class to perform low-latency document retrieval. To create the retriever, simply call .as_retriever() on the base vectorstore class.


Redis can be used to persist LLM conversations.

Vector Store Retriever Memory​

For a more detailed walkthrough of the VectorStoreRetrieverMemory wrapper, see this notebook.

Chat Message History Memory​

For a detailed example of Redis to cache conversation message history, see this notebook.

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